The University Park Building, The Architects and Builders Building and the American Building (2013)

333 N. Pennsylvania Street
Some people you never forget. Some places you miss like old friends. Such was the case with me at 3:00 a.m. on April 17, 2013 — insomnia notwithstanding. The previous October, I had for the final time, departed the back door of the American Building at 333 N. Pennsylvania where I’d worked for nearly five years. Though it had some notable blemishes, I loved that old building. The smells… the creepy basement… the drafty stairwells… the inconsistent elevators… the sudden, unsettling spectral moans that came from the windows when it blustered outside (and even some of the less-enjoyable quirks) had over the years become comfortable companions.

The impossible mailbox and the inconsistent elevators -- all a part of the American Building's charm.

The impossible mailbox and the inconsistent elevators — all a part of the American Building’s charm.

As I left it, the building’s early Art Deco/Art Moderne glory still peeked uncertainly through evidence of indelicate handling by janitors and tenants, though the lobby still boasted some magnificent marble, brass and plaster details.

The ceiling of the lobby in the American Building.

Ceiling detail of the lobby in the American Building.

And, while the features of some levels were completely unknown to me, the tenth floor in particular offered luxurious carved-wood panels as well as spectacular views of the surrounding parks and city skyline from three directions — an excellent vantage for parades and fireworks.

The view from a tenth floor window on a rainy summer day in 2012; it was a pleasure to watch the seasons change the Indiana War Memorial Plaza and University Park.

The view from a tenth floor window on a rainy summer day in 2012; a pleasure to watch the seasons change the Indiana War Memorial Plaza and University Park.

The unofficial “11th floor,” a seeming afterthought to the structure, was nothing more than the addition of a brick and stucco hut on the roof, accessible by a spiral staircase from the tenth floor only.  The concrete penthouse floor boasted a surprising collection of inlaid tile and stonework odds-and-ends. It was a quirky little hide-away of stained glass and old wood — a lovely spot that was too hot in the summer and too cold in the winter, but always just right for a quiet 10-minute work break.

A playful floor detail in the "penthouse." It's so random there must have been a story behind it...

A playful floor detail in the “penthouse.” It’s so random, there must have been a story behind it…

The “11th floor” was a place to ponder questions like:
Who built this odd little oasis?
And…
How did they come to choose such a pleasing mish-mash of materials…?

An incomplete view of the charming "11th Floor" doesn't do it justice. I can't help but wonder if it was an afterthought... and if the random mixture of stonework and tiles are remnants of other Rubush and Hunter projects... or perhaps from former tenants, Wege Marble & Tile?

An incomplete view of the charming “11th Floor” doesn’t do it justice. Is the random mixture of stonework and tiles a remnant of other Rubush and Hunter projects… or perhaps from former tenant, Wege Marble & Tile?

So, in the wee-hours of that aforementioned April morning, like a teenage girl who stalks a crush on Facebook, I took to the Internet to learn more about my mysterious companion…

The original building circa 1913, then called the University Park Building.

The original building circa 1913, then a red brick structure.

The base of the building was constructed in 1910-12 as a modest three-story low rise structure and named the “University Park Building,” likely due to its location directly east of said park.

This elevation, a work of art in its own right, shows that the original design continued the brick and terracotta facade design of the University Park Building until an alternate for the stone facade was accepted in late 1928. The Indiana Historical Society has many of these amazing original hand-made drawings and details in their archives.

This rejected elevation showing a more faithful adherence to the look of the original building, is a work of art in its own right. It was replaced with another plan in late 1929. 

A look at the 1898 Sanborn map revealed that the city block, which is currently bounded by Vermont, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware streets, was at that time bisected by two others: Susquehanna (later to become Talbott) and Tippecanoe streets. Research yields spotty information about the tenants of the original building from Chamber of Commerce and American Federation of Labor reports, and newspaper ads. Early occupants seem to have centered largely around the building trades.

A Journal published by an early tenant of the University Park Building.

A Journal published by an early tenant of the University Park Building.

In 1927, the famed and prolific architects Rubush & Hunter were commissioned to add seven stories and a new Indiana limestone facade to the original structure. I noted this last fact with some irony as, the entire first year I inhabited my office, I watched out my window in amusement as construction teams added floors to a neighboring building at 429 N Penn (incidentally another Rubush and Hunter building constructed for the Reserve Loan Life Company in 1924). My mental “time capsule” is bursting with memories of observed construction worker mischief… but I digress!

Upon completion in 1929, the newly dubbed “Architects and Builders Building” became headquarters to the renovating architects themselves, as well as home to the firm of S.E. Fenstermaker, Heating and Mechanical Engineers, Wege Marble & Tile, and several insurance companies.

The final design an appropriate theme and more striking design element following the Art Deco tastes of the period.

The greatly enhanced structure now featured impressive Egyptian-relief pier carvings at the second and tenth floors. The carvings are said to depict figures associated with construction trades and were heavily influenced by the Art Deco stylings of the time. The lobby was also adorned with an arch inlaid with travertine marble in the form of a landscape just inside the entry, and cast plaster ceiling moldings.

Detail of one of the Egyptian-relief pier carvings at tenth floors.

Detail of one of the Egyptian-relief pier carvings at the tenth floor.

At the time of the 1929 addition, the structure shared the city block with the YWCA, a garage, an auto repair shop, the Pressly Apartments, and the organization that would eventually take over the entire block — the Indianapolis Star “newspaper printing and broadcast station.”

In 1929, the Architects and Builders Building shared the city block with the YWCA, a garage, an auto repair shop, the Pressly Apartments, and the organization that would eventually take over the entire block -- the Indianapolis Star “newspaper printing and broadcast station”.

In 1929, the Architects and Builders Building shared the city block with many other businesses.

For more than 40 years, this location was the seat of the city’s booming architectural profession and building trades. In the early years, the first two floors housed exhibits and displays of the finest building materials, as well as a state-of-the-art library of design books and renderings. The floors above offered large windows to provide ample light to tenant architect’s suites. Rubush and Hunter located their own offices on the top floor in a 9500 sq. ft. space which featured specially designed wood cornices and detailing.

The 10th floor of the American Building, headquarters to the architectural firm that designed it, featured specially designed wood cornices and detailing. Notice the whimsical face that winks at us from one of the panels. Do you think that was Rubush.... or Hunter?

The 10th floor of the American Building: notice the whimsical face that winks from one of the carved panels.       Is that Rubush…. or Hunter?

 

By the early 1970’s tastes shifted and taller, more modernized buildings began to draw tenants away from the location. In 1974, occupancy dropped below 25 percent and the building came into foreclosure. It was purchased by American Fletcher National Bank, and thankfully marked for rejuvenation rather than demolition. The 1978 “facelift” came complete with a new name: The American Building. New tenants included Waterfield Mortgage, Western Union, Shoppers Charge and American Fletcher.

The Architects and Builders Building as it looked in 1978 when it was purchased by American Fletcher National Bank and subsequently became the American Building.

The Architects and Builders Building as it looked in 1978 when it was purchased by American Fletcher National Bank and renamed.

Yet another 40 years brought the building new ownerships and new challenges. In 2012, the building with its former glory long-faded, was only 47 percent occupied. Tenants included bankruptcy attorney Mark S. Zuckerberg, the Indianapolis Local Initiatives Support Corp. (LISC), and the Greater Educational Opportunities (GEO) Foundation. In February of that year, the parent company of the Indianapolis Star sold the building for about half the asking price to two local real estate firms.

Reborn once again, construction is now underway to retrofit the building to accommodate 72 apartments. Rents will range from $900 to $1,500 per month, depending on the size. The facility will have an exercise room, business center and community space. This newest repurposing is expected to cost $7-10 million. The ground floor will retain commercial space. Construction is scheduled to be completed in late 2013.

While very little of the American Building's original construction was left intact on the upper floors, the original circulation pattern has been restored which, in turn, has allowed for the restoration of the terrazzo floors on floors 4-10.

Some elements, such as the original floors, will be preserved.

Curiosity about how the historic design elements would fare in the new incarnation led me to DkGr, the architects in charge of the project. The firm reports that while little of the American Building’s original construction has been left intact on the upper floors, the initial circulation pattern has been restored which, in turn, has allowed for the restoration of the terrazzo floors on levels 4-10. Thankfully, my “11th floor” thinking spot will also remain (stained glass and all), and will be included as part of a large two-bedroom unit that houses the historic spiral staircase which services the small penthouse. A spokesperson for the firm offered, “We at DKGR are passionate in preserving what is left of Indianapolis’ historic architecture and respect immensely the work of significant local firms like Rubush & Hunter.”

The American Building offered the kind of character and peaceful nooks that are rarely seen in contemporary buildings. One wonders if a plant ever graced this spot that was a little too small for human habitation.

Top of the spiral staircase: one wonders if a plant ever graced this character spot that was too small for human habitation.

One additional point of interest offered by a source at DkGr is that a second life of sorts was given to some of the office doors that were salvaged from the building during a much earlier renovation of the 9th and 10th floors. They can be seen at the restaurant, Bluebeard, on nearby Virginia Avenue.
Do you have memories of the American Building (in any of its three incarnations)? If so, please share them in the comment box below. Personal stories add to the richness of Historic Indianapolis!

American Building hidden charms: spiral staircase leading to the "11th floor" penthouse.

Hidden charm: spiral staircase leading to the “11th floor” penthouse.

Special thanks to: Anson Keller of DkGr, Archinect, the Indiana Historical Society, Library of Congress and the Indiana State Library.
Check out some of Rubush and Hunter’s other 200+ landmarks: the original City Hall, Circle Tower, Hume-Mansur Building, Circle Theatre, Indiana Theatre, Madame C. J. Walker Building, Indiana School for the Deaf, the original Indiana State Fairgrounds Coliseum and Livestock Pavilion, Buckingham Apartments, Coca-Cola Bottling Plant, Garfield Park Shelter House, Guaranty Building, Hotel Lincoln, Illinois Building, Columbia Club, Masonic Temple, Murat Temple addition, Occidental Building, Odd Fellow Office Building, Harry C. Stutz Factory and additions, among many others…