Courtesy of the Indiana Historical Society, Herman List Collection
The Herman List Collection at the Indiana Historical Society gives us a glimpse of Indianapolis at a time of transition around 1900 when the old one- and two-story houses and stores were being removed to make way for skyscrapers. List, an amateur photographer and baker by trade, made nitrate negatives of views around town, including the intersection of East Maryland and South Pennsylvania Streets.
List, like most of Indianapolis, was probably impressed by the recently constructed Majestic Building, which he photographed in about 1897-1900. The ten-story headquarters for the Indiana Gas Company was Indiana’s first entirely steel-framed skyscraper. The Romanesque Revival structure was built in 1895 and 1896 of brick clad with and Indiana limestone veneer. It was designed by architect Oscar Bohlen of D.A. Bohlen and Son.
Although it was not List’s major focus, the street scene also captured the exterior of “The C. H. BLACK MFG. CO. / CARRIAGE MANUFACTURERS.” As Dennis Horvath wrote, Charles H. Black might have built the first automobile in Indiana in 1891 but documentation is lost to history and the credit usually goes to Elwood Haynes of Kokomo who built an early automobile in 1894. Black’s carriage business occupied this two-story building at 40 E. Maryland Street as well as the brick building behind it (facing Pennsylvania Street). The business wrapped around an old brick house on the corner that later served as a saloon.
By 1901 the seven-story Century Building replaced the old corner buildings. It was specifically designed by architect Samuel H. Brubaker and Company to house the large printing presses of several printing companies.
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