Italianate. Driving through the older historic neighborhoods of Indianapolis, you will realize that Indy has some amazing examples of the Italianate style. To give you a better understanding of the Italianate, let’s look at the major features of the style.
The Italianate was popular in the United States from approximately 1850 to 1880 – and most notably in towns throughout the Midwest. The style recalls the Italian farmhouse and gained popularity in the US through the pattern books by Andrew Jackson Downing. So, what are the basics of an Italianate?
- Two or three stories
- Low-pitched roof with widely, overhanging eaves with brackets
- Tall, arched windows, often with window hoods
- Some may feature a square cupola or tower
- Double doors with elaborate ornamentation
- Can be brick or wood framed
An original Italianate porch, if present, will be a single-story porch with limited ornamentation. If you see a wrap-around or elaborate porch, it is most likely an addition to the structure.
One of the most iconic Italianates in Indianapolis is the James Whitcomb Riley Museum Home (528 Lockerbie Street). The house dates from 1872 (within the time frame of the style) and is a typical presentation of the Italianate. The house is a two-story, brick residence with a low-pitched roof. Overhanging eaves allow for brackets, while the windows are tall, arched, and feature limestone hoods. A simple porch is found in the northwest corner of the residence, with a simple balustrade along the top of the porch roof.
Another Italianate example you can’t help but love is found at the Merrill House (1531 Broadway Street) in the Old Northside. The house dates from 1875, typical for an Italianate, and includes many of the typical Italianate features. The residence is two stories with a low-pitched roof. The roof features overhanging eaves with highly ornate brackets. The tall windows are not arched, but they do feature arched lintels on the first floor. The doorway is an excellent example of the Italianate, with elaborate columns flanking the set of double doors. This example illustrates an Italianate without a porch. Most of all – you can’t deny the wonderful character the color scheme adds to this Italianate!
Add it to your vocabulary – how might one use today’s Building Language term in their everyday life?
The infill tried to imitate the window designs of Italianate houses in the district.