Modillions. The architectural term modillions refers to architectural brackets that are placed horizontally instead of vertically. Typically, like brackets, modillions are placed at the roofline or on a soffit, regularly spaced, and may feature coffers between each modillion. Although modillions are a classical architectural term, they have been used in a wide variety of American architectural styles, including the Classical Revival to Italianate. The tip to determining if it’s a modillion – is the long end of the bracket horizontal instead of vertical? Then it’s a modillion!
A great example of the use of the modillion is found at the historic Ott Building on the campus of Wishard Health Serves/IUPUI at 1001 West Tenth Street. This Classical Revival structure features a very tall colonnade supporting a pediment. Upon closer examination, the limestone pediment features scroll modillions along its three sides. The modillions are spread evenly apart and feature wonderful scroll and floral design.
The 1910 Holy Rosary Church (520 Stevens Street), located in the Holy Rosary-Danish Church Historic District, features modillions within the soffit in the dual, tall, steeple towers. These modillions also feature a scroll design, although it is much more minimal in ornament versus the Ott Building’s design. Once again, the modillions are spread evenly apart and feature the long end horizontally.
Add it to your vocabulary – how might one use today’s Building Language term in their everyday life?
The missing modillion stood out amongst the evenly spaced modillions in the soffit.