Oxeye Windows, The Wilson, 643 Fort Wayne Avenue
Oxeye Window.The oxeye window (also known as an œil-de-bœuf) is a small, elliptical window, typically with four keystones at the four points. The oxeye window frequently appears as an accent window, sometimes in dormers, mansard roofs, or generally, on an upper story. The oxeye window will generally feature a fixed glass pane and acts primarily as a light source. The oxeye is regularly employed on buildings across Indianapolis, with styles ranging from the Italianate, Queen Anne, Stick Style, and several Revival styles.
Let’s examine two examples of the oxeye window in Indianapolis. The first is at the Henry Campbell Mansion at 2550 Cold Spring Road. The Campbell Mansion is an Italian Renaissance Revival design dating from 1916, designed by D.A. Bohlen and Son. The Campbell Mansion is one of the residences on “Mansion Row,” all built by influential persons in the early automobile industry in Indianapolis. The Henry Campbell Mansion features two oxeye windows on its primary (east) elevation. The oxeye windows flank a door to the balcony on the second floor. Both oxeye windows are a typical presentation, with an elliptical molding and four keystones.
Our second example of the oxeye window brings us to The Wilson apartment building at 643 Fort Wayne Avenue. The Wilson is a 1905 Renaissance Revival design included in the National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Listing for “Apartments and Flats of Downtown Indianapolis.” The Wilson features two oxeye windows in the center bay of the main (west) elevation. The oxeye windows on both the second and third floor both feature a typical presentation, an elliptical opening with four keystones. Both oxeye windows are fixed panes and inoperable.
Add it to your vocabulary – how might one use today’s Building Language term in their everyday life?
Without the oxeye windows, the stairwell would not receive any natural daylight.