This Greek Revival building served as the Indiana Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb from 1850 until 1911. The asylum grounds were on the southeast corner of the National Road (East Washington Street) and State Avenue. With roots dating to 1843, the school became the sixth state school for the Deaf in the nation and the first to provide free education. After renting three downtown locations, in 1849 the state hired architect Joseph Willis to design and build this structure east of town. The new school opened in 1850 at the cost of $30,000. After over six decades at this location, the buildings were in poor condition and in 1911 the school moved to a new campus on East 42nd Street just north of the Indiana State Fairgrounds. At that time a more politically correct name, the Indiana State School for the Deaf, was adopted. In 1961 the name was again shorted to the Indiana School for the Deaf.